Sabril is prescribed to control complex partial seizures in people over the age of 10. It is also approved for use in young children with infantile spasms. The medication works by preventing abnormal brain signals that cause seizures. There are also some off-label uses for Sabril, such as treating other types of seizures.
What Is Sabril Used For?Sabril® (vigabatrin) is a prescription seizure medication. Specifically, it is approved to treat the following conditions:
- Complex partial seizures in adults and children age 10 or older who have not had success with several other treatments, combined with other seizure medications
- Infantile spasms in children one month to two years of age, used alone.
Sabril has a high risk for causing permanent vision loss. Therefore, it should only be used when the benefits of the medication outweigh the significant risk to vision.
Using Sabril for Complex Partial SeizuresThere are over 30 different types of seizures a person with epilepsy may experience. These seizures are generally classified into two main categories:
- Partial-onset seizures (also known as focal seizures or simply partial seizures)
- Generalized seizures.
Partial seizures occur in just one part of the brain. Two types of partial-onset seizures include:
- Simple partial seizures, in which a person will remain conscious but experiences unusual feelings or sensations that can take many forms.
- Complex partial seizures, in which a person has a change or loss of consciousness. People having a complex partial seizure may display strange, repetitious behaviors such as blinks, twitches, mouth movements, or even walking in a circle.
Sabril is approved to treat complex partial seizures in adults and children age 10 and older. Because of the high risk for vision loss, Sabril should be used only in difficult-to-control cases that have not responded to several other treatments. For this use, Sabril is approved only for use in combination with other seizure medications.