Some alternatives to primidone include other seizure medications, surgery, or a special diet. These alternatives may be necessary if primidone is not adequately controlling your seizures or if you are developing bothersome side effects. Some of the other seizure medications that are considered primidone alternatives include carbamazepine, ethosuximide, and divalproex sodium.
An Overview of Primidone AlternativesPrimidone (Mysoline®) is a prescription medication used to treat epileptic seizures. Specifically, it is approved to treat grand mal seizures and partial seizures.
Primidone is usually an effective medication for controlling seizures, and people often tolerate this medication well. However, as with all medications, bothersome or dangerous primidone side effects may occur. Also, in some situations, primidone may not adequately control seizures. Fortunately, there are several alternatives to primidone for controlling seizures, including:
Other Seizure Medications as Primidone AlternativesFortunately, there are many other seizure medications that can be used as alternatives to primidone. These medications include:
- Carbamazepine (Carbatrol®, Epitol®, Equetro™, Tegretol®)
- Divalproex sodium (Depakote®, Depakote® ER)
- Ethosuximide (Zarontin®)
- Felbamate (Felbatol®)
- Fosphenytoin (Cerebyx®)
- Gabapentin (Neurontin®)
- Lamotrigine (Lamictal®)
- Levetiracetam (Keppra®)
- Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal®)
- Phenytoin (Dilantin®, Phenytek®)
- Pregabalin (Lyrica®)
- Tiagabine (Gabitril®)
- Topiramate (Topamax®)
- Valproic acid (Depakene®)
- Zonisamide (Zonegran®).
Some barbiturates and benzodiazepine medications are also approved for controlling seizures. They are often very useful in emergency situations. However, these medications have the potential to be abused and may lead to dependence or addiction. These medications include:
- Amobarbital (Amytal®)
- Pentobarbital (Nembutal®)
- Phenobarbital (Luminal®)
- Clonazepam (Klonopin®)
- Clorazepate (Tranxene®)
- Diazepam (Valium®, Diastat®).