Neurontin® (gabapentin) is a prescription medication used for treating partial seizures in people with epilepsy. It is also approved to treat the chronic nerve pain that often occurs after an outbreak of shingles.
Neurontin comes in tablet and capsule form. It is taken by mouth, usually one to three times daily. For people who have difficulty swallowing tablets or capsules, an oral solution of Neurontin is also available. You should never stop taking this medication without your healthcare provider's approval, as stopping Neurontin too quickly can lead to withdrawal symptoms.
It is not known exactly how Neurontin works for nerve pain. In addition, it is not known exactly how the drug works to prevent partial seizures in people with epilepsy. It is known that Neurontin affects certain calcium channels in the brain, and this may be how it works for seizures and nerve pain.
(Click Neurontin to learn more about the effects of Neurontin, to find out what you should discuss with your healthcare provider before starting treatment, and to learn about the potential side effects of this medication.)
Written by/reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Last reviewed by: KristiMonson, PharmD;
List of references (click here):
Neurontin [package insert]. New York, NY: Pfizer, Inc.; 2007 January.
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: Approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed June 21, 2007.
Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 7th ed. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005.
National Library of Medicine (US). Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMED). NLM Web site. Available at: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT. Accessed June 21, 2007.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind.
Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click