Epilepsy Home > Information on Epilepsy

Epilepsy is one of the oldest brain disorders known, having first been recorded more than 3,000 years ago. It is the result of neurons firing abnormally in the brain. Seizures that cause convulsions, muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness are common with this condition, so it is often referred to as a seizure disorder.
Scientists don't know why one person gets epilepsy and another does not. What is known is that this condition is not contagious and is not caused by mental illness or mental retardation. Once a diagnosis has been confirmed, prompt treatment is important. Epilepsy cannot be cured, but it can be successfully managed with medications.
(Click Epilepsy for more information, including how a diagnosis is made, important statistics, current areas of research, and more.)
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Last reviewed by: Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
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