Epilepsy Home > Carbamazepine Side Effects
A few common side effects of carbamazepine include drowsiness, unsteadiness, and vomiting. Some of the less common side effects include hair loss, dry mouth, and blurred vision. While side effects of this drug are usually minor, certain ones are more serious and may need medical attention. Notify your healthcare provider immediately if you experience unusual bleeding or bruising, hallucinations, or an irregular heart rhythm.
An Introduction to Carbamazepine Side EffectsAs with any medicine, side effects are possible with carbamazepine (Carbatrol®, Epitol®, Equetro®, Tegretol®). However, not everyone who takes the medication will experience side effects. In fact, most people tolerate it quite well. If carbamazepine side effects do occur, in most cases, they are minor and either require no treatment or are easily treated by you or your healthcare provider.
Serious Side Effects of CarbamazepineSome side effects with carbamazepine, while occurring infrequently, are potentially serious and should be reported immediately to your healthcare provider. These include but are not limited to:
- Anemia or other blood disorders
- Unusual bruising or bleeding
- Worsening of seizures
- Suicidal thoughts or behaviors
- Increased infections or infections that do not go away
- Water retention, swelling, or difficulty breathing, which can be signs of congestive heart failure (CHF)
- High blood pressure (hypertension) or low blood pressure (hypotension)
- An irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
- Yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin (jaundice), which may be a sign of liver damage, including liver failure or hepatitis
- Difficulty passing urine or a sudden, unexplained decrease in urine production (which can be a sign of kidney damage)
- Low sodium levels in the blood (hyponatremia), which may cause symptoms such as:
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea or vomiting
- Excessive tiredness
- Muscle weakness
- Muscle spasms or cramps
- Signs of an allergic reaction, including:
- An unexplained rash
- Unexplained swelling
Suicidal thinking or behavior (see Seizure Medications and Suicide).