Gabitril is used primarily to treat epilepsy in adults and children age 12 and over who experience partial seizures (also called focal seizures). The drug is not approved to be used alone, but rather in combination with other seizure medications. Off-label Gabitril uses include the treatment of anxiety, migraines, and bipolar disorder.
Gabitril Uses: An OverviewGabitril® (tiagabine hydrochloride) is a prescription medication that is used to treat epilepsy. Specifically, the drug is approved for treating epilepsy in people who experience certain types of seizures called partial seizures or focal seizures. It is approved to be used along with other seizure medications, but not to be used alone.
Gabatril Uses for Partial SeizuresEpilepsy is a brain disorder that occurs when there are sudden, brief changes in how the brain's electrical system works. These changes in brain activity can lead to a seizure (see Epilepsy Symptoms). Depending on which part of the brain is affected, a seizure may affect the person's consciousness, body movements, emotions, or senses.
In over half of all cases, the cause of epilepsy is not known. When the cause is known, it may be one of the following:
- Brain tumor or brain infection, such as meningitis
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Other medical conditions, such as a stroke or Alzheimer's disease
- Head trauma
- Genetics (see Genes and Epilepsy).
There are over 30 different types of seizures a person with epilepsy may experience. These are generally classified into two main categories:
- Partial seizures (also known as focal seizures)
- Generalized seizures.