Epitol is a prescription drug licensed to treat various types of epileptic seizures and pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia (a painful nerve disorder). The medication is a generic version of Tegretol immediate-release tablets and is available in one strength -- 200 mg tablets. Typically, it is taken two to four times a day. Side effects may include dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea.
What Is Epitol?Epitol® (carbamazepine) is a prescription medication used to treat the following conditions:
- Epilepsy -- Epitol is approved to treat various types of seizures, though it is usually not effective at treating absence seizures (petit mal seizures).
- Trigeminal neuralgia -- Epitol is approved to treat pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia (also known as tic douloureux), a nerve condition that causes episodes of facial pain (typically cheek or jaw pain).
Epitol is actually a generic version of Tegretol® immediate-release tablets. Generic manufacturers may choose to create their own name for a medication, instead of the standard generic name. This is the case with Epitol. All information that refers to Tegretol immediate-release tablets also applies to Epitol.
(Click Carbamazepine Uses for more information on what the drug is used for, including possible off-label uses.)
How Does Epitol Work?
Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes recurring, brief changes in how the brain's electrical system works. These changes in brain activity can lead to a seizure (see Epilepsy Symptoms). It is not known exactly how Epitol works to prevent partial seizures in people with epilepsy. It may work by blocking sodium channels in the brain.
By blocking sodium channels, Epitol may decrease the activity of nerve cells, preventing them from firing abnormally. It may also prevent the abnormal brain signals from spreading to other parts of the brain.
It is thought that Epitol works to treat trigeminal neuralgia by blocking the nerve signals that cause pain and other unpleasant sensations.