Certain types of epileptic seizures can be controlled with Dilantin. Uses of the drug specifically include the treatment of generalized tonic-clonic seizures, complex partial seizures, and seizures during brain surgery. On occasion, Dilantin may be used for something other than the conditions listed above. Among these potential "off-label" Dilantin uses are the treatment of nerve pain, irregular heart rhythms, and migraines. The medication is approved for use in both adults and children.
Dilantin® (phenytoin) is a prescription medication used for treating certain types of seizures in people with epilepsy. There are several different Dilantin products: Dilantin Kapseals® (phenytoin sodium extended-release capsules), Dilantin Infatabs® (phenytoin chewable tablets) and Dilantin-125® (phenytoin oral suspension). Specifically, Dilantin is approved to control the following types of seizures:
- Complex partial seizures -- complex partial seizures involve decreased consciousness ("complex") and only affect one part of the brain ("partial")
- Generalized tonic-clonic seizures -- these seizures, which are also known as "grand mal" seizures, affect the whole brain ("generalized"), and involve muscle rigidity and contractions ("tonic-clonic")
- Seizures during brain surgery.