Carbatrol Uses for EpilepsyEpilepsy is a brain condition that occurs when there are sudden, brief changes in how the brain's electrical system works. This change in brain activity can lead to a seizure (see Epilepsy Symptoms). Depending on which part of the brain is affected, a seizure may affect the person's consciousness, body movements, emotions, or senses (taste, touch, smell, vision, or hearing).
Some people may only have a single seizure during their lives, and one seizure does not mean that a person has epilepsy (see Seizures and Epilepsy). In fact, the term epilepsy refers to a number of different kinds of unprovoked, recurring seizures that happen for a number of different reasons.
In over half of all cases, the cause of epilepsy is not known. When the cause is known, it may be one of the following:
- Other medical conditions, such as a stroke or Alzheimer's disease
- Head trauma
- A brain tumor or brain infection, such as meningitis
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Genetics (see Genes and Epilepsy).
There are over 30 different types of seizures a person with epilepsy may experience. These seizures are generally classified into two main categories: partial seizures (also known as focal seizures) and generalized seizures.
Epilepsy treatments may include:
- Medications (see Epilepsy Medication)
- Surgery (see Epilepsy Surgery)
- Dietary changes (see Epilepsy Diet)
Carbatrol is approved to treat various types of seizures, including:
- Partial seizures, including simplex partial or complex partial seizures
- Generalized seizures, including generalized tonic-clonic seizures (grand mal seizures)
- Mixed seizures.
The medication is generally not considered effective at treating absence seizures (also known as petit mal seizures).